Vascular tumors, hemangioma or vascular malformations affect the capillaries, arteries, veins and lymphatic vessels and have a variety of appearances. Some may be seen only on the skin. Other vascular anomalies may be more extensive and involve deep structures, internal organs and bones.

Vascular malformations include:

  • Capillary malformations (known as a port wine stain)

  • Venous malformations

  • Lymphatic malformations

  • Mixed malformations

  • Arterial malformations

  • Arterio-venous malformations

  • Vascular tumors

The most common type of vascular tumor is a hemangioma, which looks like a red birthmark. It's made from a collection of blood vessels and may appear at birth or within the first few weeks of life on the head, chest or back. 

Hemangiomas may start out as red and firm but turn more bluish as they grow, especially if it's deeper in the tissues. Over time, some hemangiomas become softer, fade in color and may disappear completely. They also may leave behind excess skin and tissue. 

While many children with vascular anomalies don't have issues, some children with hemangiomas may have skin ulceration and damage to surrounding tissues. In addition, hemangiomas in the head and neck region can grow large enough to interfere with breathing, eating, function, hearing and/or vision. Bleeding issues or circulatory problems are also possible with large or multiple hemangiomas.

The Procedures

Multiple non-surgical or surgical treatment options are available for vascular anomalies depending on the type, location and severity of them. Dr. Muzaffar works closely with other specialists to provide the best care for your child.

Children with more advanced types of malformations may benefit from treatments such as:

  • Embolization to block off the supply of blood to the malformation

  • Laser treatment to break up blood vessel abnormalities of the skin

  • Oral medications to minimize growth of vascular tumors

  • Sclerotherapy that involves and injection into the malformation to shrink it

  • Topical medications to control growth of superficial or thin vascular tumors 

The recovery process after surgery will vary based on the type of procedure your child requires. Your doctor will provide you with specific instructions about your child's care after surgery.

Contact Us

To schedule a consultation or to request more information please fill out this form and one of our team members will be in touch with you or please call us at (217) 214-6256. To learn more about our plastic and reconstructive services click here.